Domestication of the Dog
Dogs differ greatly from wild animals. Dogs are trainable creatures, domesticated and depend on us for their survival. There are many questions pertaining to the domestication of dog
s: How did dog
s go from wild animals to domesticated ones? We do know that dog
’s weren’t the domesticated animals we know today until their lives crossed with the lives of humans.
It is generally accepted that the dog
’s ancestors were first attracted to human settlements for the scavenging opportunities. They came to eat the human waste, food scraps and garbage that was thrown into garbage piles. The villagers became accustomed to these creatures; they perhaps even valued the elimination of waste and food that would attract undesirable scavengers, such as vermin. It is thought that the scavenging dog
s became territorial over their garbage piles. They then began to bark at approaching strangers and animals. The villagers grew to appreciate these warnings, so they were welcomed even further into the village life.
Eventually, hunters discovered that dog
s could be helpful. They discovered that dog
s could track scent, or even take down large game. The villagers also discovered that dog
s could be useful in guarding and herding livestock. Dogs were also trained to guard people and to pull sleds and other cargo. Over the next 10,000 years dog
s became helpers across the continents and in many different capacities.
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